40. Lechics, demons of the woods, a kind of satyr amonng the Russians who gave him a human bodyfrom the waist up with the horns, ears, and beard of a she-goat; and, from the waist down, the form of a goat.When they marched in the fields, they shrank themselves to the height of the grass; but when they ran in the forests, they grew to the size of the tallest trees. Their cries were frightful. They wandered around promenaders unceasingly, using a voice known to them and luring them to their caverns, wher they took pleasure intickling them almost to death.
41. Leonard, demon of the first order, grand master of the sabbaths, chief of the subaltern demons, inspector general of sorcery, black magic, and witches. He is often called "le Grand Negre" (The Black Man). he presides over the sabbathin the form of a goat from the waist up; he has three horns on his head, two fox-likecars, hair-like bristles, round eyes which were inflamed and wide open, a goat's beard, and a face on his butt. Witches adore him by kissing this lower face while holding a green candle in their hand.Sometimes he resembles a blood hound, or a beef, or a big black bird, or a tree trunk surmounted with a gloomy face. His feet, when he attends the sabbath, are always those of a goose. Meanwhile, experts who have seen the devil at the sabbath observe that he has no feet at all when he takes the form of a tree trunk and in other extraordinary circumstances. Leonard is taciturn and melancholic; but at all the assemblies of witches and devils where he is obliged to appear,he shows himself to advantage and makes use of a superb graveness.
42. Lucifer, name of the spirit who rules over the East, according to the opinion of the magicians. Lucifer was envoked on Monday in the middle of a circle in which was his name.He was content with a mouse or venison-bit as the price of his compliance. He was often taken for the king of hell, and, according to several demonomaniacs, he is superior to Satan.One says that he is perfectly facetious, and that one of his tricks is to pull witches off the brooms they were riding on to the sabbath and give them a ride pn his shoulders; this was attested to by the witches of Moira, is Sweden, in 1672. These same witches have affirmed that they had seen at the sabbath the same Lucifer in a gray habit, with blue arms and red culottes decorated with ribbons. Lucifer commands the Europeans and the Asians. He would appear with the form and face of a beautiful young child. When he is angry, his face is enflamed, but it is nothing monstrous. He is, according to some demonographers, a great lover of justice in hell. He is envoked first in the litanies of the sabbath.
43. Malphas, grand-president of hell, who appears in the form of a raven. When he shows himself in a human form, the sound of his voice is raucous; he builds citadels and impregnable towers, overthrows the enemies' ramparts, finds good workers, gives familiars, receives sacrifices and deceives the sacrificers; forty legions obey him.
44. Mammon, demon of avarice: it is he, says Milton, who from the first taught men to rend the breats of the earth to wrest away her treasures.
45. Marchocias, great marquis of hell. He shows himself in the guise of a ferocious she-wolf, with the wings of a griffin and a serpent's tail; under this gracious aspect the marquis vomits flames. When he takes human form, one believes that he sees a grand soldier. He obeys exorcists and the domination of angels and commands thirty legions.
46. Melchom, demon who carries the purse; he is in hell the paymaster of civil servants.
47. Moloch, prince of the land of tears, member of the infernal council. He was adored by the Ammonites under the form of a bronze statue seated on a throne of the same metal, having a calf's head surmonted with a royal crown. His arms were extended to receive human victims: one sacrificed children to him. In Milton, Moloch is a frightful and terrible demon covered with mother's tears and children's blood.
The rabbis claim that, in the interior of the statue of the famous Moloch, god of the Ammonites, one had carefully arranged sevend kinds of cabinets. One could open one for flour, another for turlte doves, a third for a ewe, a fourth for a ram, the fifth for a calf, the sixth for a beef, the seventh for a child. It is this which has given plae to confounding Moloch with Mithras and his seven mysterious gates with the seven chambers. When one wished to sacrifice children to Moloch, one lit a large fire in the interior of this statue. But in order that one could not hear the plaintive cries, his priests beat loudly on drums and other instruments around the idol.
48. Mychale, magician who drew down the Moon by the strength of her spells. She was the mother of the two famous Lapiths, Broteas and Orion.
49. Nickar or Nick. According to Scandinavian mythology, principal source of all popular beliefs of Germany and England, Odin takes the name of Nickar or Anickar when he acts as a destroyer or evil genie. Under this name and in the form of a kelpie, devil-horse of the scots, he frequents the lakes and the rivers of the Scandinavia, where he raises tempests, hurricanes and hailstorms. He is on the Isle of Rugen, in the midst of a somber lake, when its waters are troubled and whose banks are covered by thick woods, It is there that he likes to torment the fishermen and upset their boats and throw them sometimes almost to the tops of the highest fir trees. From the Scandinavian Nickar are descended the mermen and the merwomen, the nixiesof the Teutons. There are none more famous than the nymphs of the Elbe and the Gaal. Before the establishment of Christianity, the Saxons who lived around these two rivers adored a feminine divinity, whose tmple was in the city of Magdebourg or Megdeburch (city of the young lady), and who has inspired ever since a certain fear as the naiad of the Elbe. She would appear at Magdebuorg, where she would go for a walk with a basket under her arm: she was full of grace, proper, and at first glance one would take her for the daughter of a good bourgeois; but the malicious would notice a small corner of her apron that was always wet, a reminder of her aquatic origin. Among the English, the sailors call the devil, "Old Nick".
50. Nybbas, demon of an inferior order, high upper-gallery of the infernal court. He has also the management of visions and dreams. One treats him with little enough respect, regarding him as a buffoon and charlatan.
51. Orobas, high prince of the somber empire. One sees him in the form of a beautiful horse. When he appears in the form of a man, he speaks of the divine essence. Consulted, he gives responses on the past, the present, and the future. He discovers falsehood, grants favors and help, reconciles enemies, and has twenty enemies under his orders.
52. Paymon, one of the kings of hell. If he shows himself to the exorcists, it is in the form of a man riding a dromedary, crowned with a diadem encircled with precious stones, with the face of a woman. Two hundred legions, half from the order of the Angels, half from the order of the Powers, obey him. If Paymon is evoked with some sacrifice or libation, he can appear accompanied by the two great princes Bebal and Abalam.
53. Picollus, demon revered by the ancient inhabitantsof Prussia, who consecrated to him the head of a dead man and burned a tallow in his honor. This demon could be seen during the last days of important people. If one did not appease him at first, he would present himself a second time; and when one gave him the pain of appearing a third time, he could only be mollified by the effusion of human blood.
When Picollus was happy, one could hear him laughing in his temple; because he had a temple.
54. Pruflas or Busas, high prince and grand duke of the infernal empire. He shall reign in Babylon; and there he has the head of an owl. He incites discord, fans the flames of war and quarrels and reduces gentle folk to poverty; he responds profusely to all that is asked of him; he has twenty six legions under his orders.
55. Rahouart, demon who we know not. In Morality, about the evil and atingy rich, printed at Rouen, undated by Durzel, and played out to the endof the fifteenth century, SAtan has the demon Rahouart for a companion. It is in his basket that Rahouart carries the soul of the curmudgeon when he is dead.
56. Ribesal, specter whom the people of Silesia place in residence at the summit of the Risembeg. In their minds, it is he who suddenly covers this mountain with clouds and who sxcites tempests. He is the same as Robezal.
57. Ronwe, marquis and count of hell, who appears in the form of a monster; he gives his addepts knowledge of languages add the goodwill of the whole world. Nineteen hellish cohorts are under his orders.
58. Scox or Chax, duke and high marquis of hell. He has a raucous voice, a spirit carried away be falsehood; he presents himself in the form of a stork. He steals the silver in houses he possesses and returns it only at the end of twelve hundred years, if everything is still in order. He carries off horses. He executes all the commands that are given to him, when one obliges him to behave immediately, and although he promises to obey the exorcists, he doesn't always do so. He lies, if he i snot in a triangle; if, on the other hand, he is closely confined, he speaks the truth on supernatural matters. He points out hidden treasures which are not guarded by evil spirits. He commands thirty legions.
59. Stolas, high prince of hell, who appears in the form of an owl; when he takes the form of a man and shows himself before the exorcist, he teaches astronomy, and also the properties of plants, and the worth of presious stones. Twenty six legions recognize him as their general.
60. Tap or Gaap, high president and high prince of hell. He shows himself at noon when he takes human form. He commands four of the principal kings of the infernal empire. He is as powerful as Byleth. In another age, necromancerswould offer him libations and holocausts; they evoked him by means of magic spells that they said were composed by that very wise king, Solomon; this is false, because it was Cham, son of Noah, who first began the evocation of evil spirits. He was made to serve Byleth and compose an art in his name, and a book which is appreciated gently by mathematicians. One cites another book attributed to the prophets Eli and Elijah, with which Gaap is conjured by the virtue of the saints' names of God contained in the Key of Solomon.
If some exorcists know the art of Byleth, Gaap or Tap will npot be abble to support the presence of said exorcists. Gaap or Tap excites the passion of love and hatred. He has an empire over the demons submissive to the power of Amaymon. He transports very promptly men in different countries who wish to cross the abyss. He commands sixty legions.
61. Torngarsuk. The Greenlanders make neither prayer nor sacrifice nor practice any rite; they believe only in the existence of some supernatural beings. The chief and the most powerful of these being is Torngarsuk, who is invoked especially by fishermen, and whom they represent sometimes in the form of a bear, sometimes in the form of an one-armed man, and sometimes as a grand human creature at most like one of the fingers of the hand.It is before this divinity that the Anguekkoks (their medicine men) are obliged to yield to ask councel when a Greenlander falls ill. Independetly of this good spirit, who is invisible to everyone except the Anguekkok, there are others who, by the intervention of the Anguekkok, teach what one must do or ought to avoid to be happy. Each Anguekkok has in a leathern bottle a familiar spitir, whom he invokes and consults like an oracle.
62. Transport of Sorcerers. Some of them go to the sabbath flying through the air like Simon the magician and without a mount; but, in France especially, powerful witches, when they carried a child with them to the sabbath, were transported and returned to their domicileby a goat who traveled in the void like a bird.
63. Ukobach, demon of an inferior order. He always shows himself with a blazing body; one calls him the inventor of frying and fireworks. He is charged by Belzebuth with maintaining the oil in the infernal boilers.
64. Volac, high president of hell; he appears in the form of a child with the wings of an angel, mounted on a two-headed dragon. He knows the position of the planets and the lurking places of serpents. Thirty legions obey him.
65. Voyages of Sorcerers. If they go to the sabbath carried by a goat or a black sheep or by a demon, on their other excursions they generally only travel by riding on a broom-stick.
66. Wall, great and powerful duke of the somber empire; he has the form of a dromedary, tall and terrible, if he takes human form, he speaks Egyptian; he knows the present, the past, and the future; he was of the order of the POwers. Thirty six legions are under his orders.
67. Xaphan, demon of the second order. When Satan and his angels revolted against god, Xaphan joined the malcontents, and he was well received because he had an inventive spirit. He proposed that the rebels set heaven on fire; but he was thrown with the others to the depths of the abyss, where he is continually occupied with fanning the flames of the furnaces with this mouth and his hands. He has a bellows for an emblem.
68. Yan-gant-y-tan, kind of demon who wanders at night in Finistere. He carried five candles on his five fingers, and turns them with the speed of a winder. His appearance is considered an evil omen among the Bretons.
69. Zaebos, grand-cout of Hell. He has the form of a good soldier mounted on a crocodile; his head is coveed with a ducal crown. He is sweet of character.